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Kandar Anubhuti by Saint Arunagirinathar — Part 16

Sha­ranaa­gati is the state of com­plete sub­mis­sion to one’s Guru or Ish­tade­va­ta. Sha­ranaa­gati leads to tremen­dous out­comes and many great Mas­ters have showed this to be very true. It is a phe­nom­e­nal state that is worth­while our life’s time to aspire and pur­sue. In tak­ing us clos­er to the attain­ment of the gold­en state of Sha­ranaa­gati at the Feet of Muru­ga Peru­man — Lord Skan­da, Saint Aruna­giri­nathar guides and shows the way for long­ing seek­ers.

In this “Sha­ranaa­gati ” series, we wel­come you on a jour­ney where we per­form abhyasa of “Kand­har Anub­huti” gift­ed to us by the great Saint Aruna­giri­nathar.

Arunagirinathar’s exem­plary life and lit­er­ary works are direct por­tals to the Grace of Shan­mukha Peru­man. Aruna­giri­nathar Swami­gal con­tin­ues to guide all sin­cere seek­ers to attain Sha­ranaa­gati at the Feet of Lord Skan­da! In the pre­vi­ous edi­tion we have looked at a brief his­tor­i­cal note on Saint Aruna­giri­nathar. We have also looked at the kap­pu verse and the first 45 vers­es of Kand­har Anub­huti. In this edi­tion, we delve into vers­es 46, 47, and 48.

Import of Kand­har Anub­huti

Swa­mi Aruna­giri­nathar has bestowed six promi­nent works for the world to cher­ish — Thirup­pugazh, Thiru­vagup­pu, Kand­har And­haad­hi, Kand­har Alan­garam, Kand­har Anub­huti and Vel-May­il-Seval Virut­tham.

Kand­har Anub­huti is regard­ed as a Mantra-Shas­tra — a trea­tise of mys­tic imports and has been placed on par with the well-known Mantra-Shas­tra of Thiru­man­thi­ram - a trea­tise of 3,000 vers­es of Sid­dhar Thiru­mu­lar. The Thiru­man­thi­ram is the 10th book of the Pan­niru Thiru­mu­rai (the 12 sacred Sai­va works) of the Saivites. Cor­re­spond­ing­ly, the Kand­har Anub­huti is regard­ed as the 10th book of the Pan­niru Thiru­mu­rai of the fol­low­ers of Lord Muru­gan. Some gems from Thiru­man­thi­ram have been pre­sent­ed in the Sid­dhar Charithi­ram series of Parni­ka Mag­a­zine.

“Maa­trukaa Push­pa Maalai” is a trea­tise of vers­es with the 51 let­ters, of the San­skrit lan­guage, from ‘A’ to ‘Ksha’. Maa­trukaa Push­pa Maalai is also said to mean a trea­tise of 51 vers­es, because of the cor­re­spon­dence in num­ber and the Kand­har Anub­huti com­pris­es of 51 vers­es. Aruna­giri­nathar him­self refers to this work, in the Kaap­pu verse, as “a gar­land knit with beau­ti­ful sorkal (words or aksha­ras of Tamil)” — “Sen­chor Punai Maalai”.

“Kand­han” in Tamil refers to Lord Skan­da, Who is also adored as Shan­mukha, Sub­ra­manya, Karthikeya, Guha, Velayud­ha, Muru­ga, Aru­mu­ga, Senthilnatha, Sar­a­vana, Dan­dayutha­pani and more names. “Anub­huti” sig­ni­fies the spir­i­tu­al union of the Jee­va (loose­ly means soul) with Shi­va (God) there­by imply­ing direct or imme­di­ate expe­ri­ence of God. Hence “Kand­har Anub­huti” would mean the Imme­di­ate or Direct Divine Expe­ri­ence of Lord Skan­da.

Kand­har Anub­huti con­tains many Mantras both explic­it­ly and implic­it­ly. The Names of the Lord, such as Muru­gan, Kan­da, Shan­mukha, Guha, Vela­va are Mantras by them­selves. Kand­har Anub­huti is replete with these Names of the Lord. Fur­ther, in many vers­es there are Mantras in the form of mys­tic for­mu­lae as brought out by N.V. Karthikeyan of Sivanan­da Ashram. Some instances are “Velum May­ilum Thu­nai” in verse 1, “Naatha Kumaraa Namah” in verse 36, “(Naan) Iraiy­oon Pari­vaaram” in verse 37 and “Guru­vaai Varu­vaai Arul­vaai Guhanae” in verse 51.

Hence Kand­har Anub­huti is held in high esteem as a Mantra-Shas­tra and as the crown­ing glo­ry of Sri Aruna­giri­nathar’s works, because of its high spir­i­tu­al val­ue and mys­ti­cal depth. Kand­har Anub­huti is also espe­cial­ly revered because it intri­cate­ly blends Bhak­ti and Jnana, devo­tion and wis­dom. Kand­har Anub­huti is a text of great impor­tance to sin­cere seek­ers, for in it lies the tremen­dous poten­tial to attain the Lord’s Feet through Sha­ranaa­gati. It is undoubt­ed­ly a phe­nom­e­nal bless­ing that we begin this jour­ney of abhyasa of Kand­har Anub­huti through this series.

Kand­har Anub­huti bestowed by Saint Aruna­giri­nathar

பாடல் 46 — எந்தாயும் எனக்குஎந்தாயும் எனக் கருள்தந் தையுநீசிந்தா குலமா னவைதீர்த் தெனையாள்கந்தா கதிர்வே லவனே உமையாள்மைந்தா குமரா மறைநா யகனே!
You are my Moth­er and Father bestow­ing GraceMay you resolve the mind’s afflic­tions and rule with­inOh Skan­da! Wield­er of the lus­trous Vel! Son of Uma Devi!One who is eter­nal­ly young! Oh Lord of the Vedas!

As Patan­jali Mahamu­ni suc­cinct­ly says in Yoga Sutras that the “yogaś-citta-vr̥tti-nirodhaḥ” the ter­mi­na­tion of men­tal afflic­tions is the state of yoga. Aruna­giri Peru­man appeals to Thiru Muru­gap­pe­ru­man to bestow this state with His Grace. In the equipoise of mind or the inner instru­ments, one attains to “iruvinai oppu” where the dvand­vas or the twin oppo­site prin­ci­ples of plea­sure and pain cease to exist. Shakti’s Grace descends on such a mature soul with­out the three malas and is led to lib­er­a­tion only left to enjoy Shiva’s Bliss. This in the Sai­va Sid­dhan­ta is termed as “Sak­thi Nipatham”. Aruna­giri Swami­gal assures that prayers and sad­hana towards the son of Uma Devi, the eter­nal­ly young Son of Lord Shi­va, the wield­er of radi­at­ing Jnana Vel and the Lord of all Vedas shall cer­tain­ly bestow this expe­ri­ence upon the Thiru Muru­ga Adi­yar­gal.

பாடல் 47 — ஆறாறையும் நீத்துஆறா றையுநீத் ததன்மேல் நிலையைப்பேறா அடியேன் பெறுமா றுளதோசீறா வருசூர் சிதைவித் திமையோர்கூறா வுலகங் குளிர்வித் தவனே!
The great state beyond the 36 (6 x 6) tattvasWould you bestow such an attain­ment upon this AdiyenOh Slay­er of the angri­ly storm­ing Soo­ra andBestow­er of hap­pi­ness in the hearts of Devas!

The art of seek­ing a boon from the Ish­tade­va­ta is one that needs a lot of cau­tion. What might one ask that will tru­ly make sense? My Guru Shri­man Adi­narayanan always advised me that it is apt to only ask to be eter­nal­ly at the feet of Ish­tade­va­ta! Because any­thing else is tricky unless one is real­ly clear, as our vasanas can lead to fur­ther entan­gle­ment. And the Ish­tade­va­ta knows best. Shri­man would usu­al­ly say, all this is valid only if you can rec­ol­lect at the moment! In this case, Aruna­giri Swami­gal has giv­en us a pre­cise verse of the high­est prayer one can ask for. It is an extreme­ly pre­cise and high­ly refined prayer. So this is also a fan­tas­tic option. To fol­low the maha tapasvis and ask as they have prayed.

In the Sai­va Sid­dhan­ta tra­di­tion there are 36 tattvas. The word tatt­va can broad­ly be tak­en as the fun­da­men­tal prin­ci­ples of exis­tence. The 36 tattvas as per Sai­va Sid­dhan­ta are Shi­va, Shak­ti, Sadashi­va, Ish­wara, Shud­da-Vidya, Kaala, Niy­ati, Vidya, Raga, Kalaa, Maya, Purusha, Bud­dhi, Ahamkara, Man­as, Prakri­ti, Jnanedriya (fur­ther as Sro­tra, Tvak, Chak­shu, Jih­va, Gra­hana), Kar­men­driya (fur­ther as Vak, Pani, Pada, Payu, Upastha), Tan­ma­tra (fur­ther as Shab­da, Spar­sha, Rupa, Rasa, Gand­ha) and Mahab­huta (fur­ther as Akasha, Vayu, Agni, Apa, Prithvi). Aruna­giripe­rum­man prays for com­plete dis­so­lu­tion beyond these 36 tattvas.

பாடல் 48 — அறிவு ஒன்றுஅறிவொன் றறநின் றறிவார் அறிவிற்பிறிவொன் றறநின்ற பிரான் அலையோசெறிவொன் றறவந் திருளே சிதையவெறிவென் றவரோ டுறும்வே லவனே!
Aren’t You the One abid­ing with­in the Sages who haveCom­plete­ly uni­fied in Shi­va con­scious­ness, beyond con­scious­ness of the soul!Detached from close attach­ments, devoid of igno­rance and won over illu­sionsVela­va, You reside as in the form of spir­i­tu­al wis­dom with­out sep­a­ra­tion in Them!

This song hails the Jivan Muk­tas and their phe­nom­e­nal state as the very res­i­dence of Lord Skan­da. Aruna­giriswami­gal says Lord Skan­da is insep­a­ra­ble from such Sages, mak­ing them One and the Same. It is through these point­ers we see the immac­u­late Tapsvis and their immense Tap­sya. Om Muru­ga!

It is a divine bless­ing that we study Kand­har Anub­huti through this Sha­ranaa­gati Series. We invite you to chant aloud Kand­har Anub­huti, con­tem­plate more on these lines and share with us your insights.

In recit­ing, learn­ing and absorb­ing these revered vers­es, may our abhyasa con­tin­ue, may our shrad­dha strength­en and may rev­e­la­tions awak­en as we grow with­in!

Skan­daarpanam! Aum Tat Sat!

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